Historically, small businesses, including dental Practices, have met the need for employee insurance with a traditional group plan or providing an increase in salary to allow employees to purchase their own insurance. With the work of Congress, there is a new option in the marketplace. This option is the qualified small employer health reimbursement arrangement (QSEHRA).
Through QSEHRA, businesses with 50 employees or less are able to offer employees a monthly allowance of tax-free money. Sounds easy, right? Maybe. Employees then must choose and pay for their own health care, potentially including personal insurance policies, and the business reimburses them up to their allowance amount.
This allows businesses to keep control over their budget while offering a meaningful benefit to their employees. At first glance, Practice owners always love this option but the devil is in the details so, let’s review those.
How it works:
Step 1: Practices set the allowance. Practices choose a monthly, per-employee allowance of tax-free money to make available. Currently, there are no minimum contribution requirements and Practices are able to offer different allowance amounts based on an employee’s family status. In 2018, QSEHRA contribution limits allowed businesses to offer up to $420.83 a month for single employees and $854.16 a month for employees with a family.
Step 2: Employees make purchases. Employees with a QSEHA are permitted to buy what fits their personal health needs. There are a variety of expenses eligible for reimbursement, including personal health insurance premiums, copays, deductibles, prescription drugs, and many more.
Step 3: Employees submit proof of expenses. After incurring an eligible expense, employees are required to submit proof to the Practice through documents that include: a description of the product or service, the cost of the expense, and the date the employee incurred the expense.
Step 4: Practices review and reimburse employees’ expenses. After an employee submits an expense, the Practice or an approved third party should review the documentation and reimburse the employee from their monthly allowance.
With the QSEHRA, reimbursements are free of payroll tax for both the Practice and its employee. Reimbursements can be free of income tax for employees if the employee is covered by a policy providing minimum essential coverage (MEC).
Often, the QSEHRA is a good option for Practices to consider since it allows for complete personalization. Understanding your staff, their incentives, and their needs will be a priority when exploring this option.
If you have questions or would like to connect with a health insurance partner in your area, contact us today!